The Mutual Indwelling of
the Three Persons in the Holy Trinity
(1) God is one in His Being.
(2) All the
three Persons possess all of the divine Being.
all three Persons indwell each other fully.
(as Father with His personal properties as not begotten nor proceeding)
abides in the Son and in the Spirit.
The Son (as
Son with His personal properties as begotten and not proceeding) abides
in the Father and in the Spirit.
(as Spirit with His personal properties as not begotten but proceeding)
abides in the Father and in the Son.
Thus the perichoresis
is a logical implication of the doctrine of the Holy Trinity and
necessarily flows from it.
John 10:37-38: "If I do not the
works of my Father, believe me not. But if I do, though ye believe not
me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that
the Father is in me,
and I in him."
John 14:10-11: "Believest thou not that I am in
the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto
you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he
doeth the works. Believe me that I am in the Father, and the
Father in me: or else believe me for the very works' sake."
John 17:21, 23: "That they all may be one;
as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they
also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast
sent me ... I in them, and thou in me, that they may be
made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent
me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me."
and Son (John 10:37-38; 14:10-11; 17:21, 23)
Holy Spirit (I Cor. 2:10-11: "But God hath revealed them unto us by his
Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of
God. For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man
which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the
Spirit of God.")
of Damascus and the Perichoresis"
Engelsma, Trinity and
Covenant: God as Holy Family, esp. pp. 67-70, 82-85