Covenant Protestant Reformed Church
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Covenant Protestant Reformed Church



Rev. Angus Stewart

Lord’s Day, 9 October, 2011


"Those that be planted in the house of the Lord

shall flourish in the courts of our God" (Ps. 92:13)


Morning Service - 11:00 AM

Our Lord’s Ascension Into Heaven (I)  [download]  [youtube]

Scripture Reading: Acts 1

Text: Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 18

I. The Meaning

II. The Lessons

Psalms: 18:1-7; 108:1-7; 139:4-12; 24:5-10


Evening Service - 6:00 PM

Our Lord’s Ascension Into Heaven (II)  [download]  [youtube]

Scripture Reading: Revelation 5

Text: Heidelberg Catechism, Lord’s Day 18

I. The Explanation

II. The Advantage

Psalms: 103:1-7; 108:8-13; 68:16-20; 24:5-10


For CDs of the sermons and DVDs of the worship services, contact Stephen Murray

If you desire a pastoral visit, please contact Rev. Stewart


CPRC website:

CPRC YouTube:

CPRC Facebook:


Quote to Consider:

Rev. Ron Hanko: "The ascension ... completes the resurrection. In his ascension Christ himself receives the benefits and rewards of his finished work, and as our risen Lord, he begins to pour out upon us those same benefits, just as David did when he gave gifts to all Israel at the time the ark was brought to Jerusalem (II Sam. 6:19; Ps. 68:18; Eph. 4:8-13). The ascension, then, is the promise of God that we shall also be in heaven with him. Because Christ has ascended on our behalf, we have already been made to sit together in heavenly places in him (Eph. 2:6). The ascension of our Lord is no small thing in the work of redemption, but an essential and necessary part of that work. It causes us to say with rejoicing, ‘God is gone up with a shout, the Lord with the sound of a trumpet. Sing praises to God, sing praises: sing praises unto our King, sing praises ... He is greatly exalted’ (Ps. 47:5-6, 9)" (Doctrine According to Godliness, p. 161).

Announcements (subject to God’s will)

Monday Catechism: 6 PM - O.T. Beginners (Alex & Nathan) 6:45 PM - O.T. Juniors (Jacob & Joseph) 7:30 PM - Heidelberg (Timothy, Zoe, Amy & Lea)

Our Tuesday morning Bible study meets at 11 AM. We will continue our study of the Antichrist in Revelation 13:2-10. All are welcome.

Belgic Confession Class meets Wednesday at 7:45 PM. We will continue Belgic Confession 12, looking at angels, their classification, election and reprobation, and work. All are welcome.

The Reformed Witness Hour broadcast next Lord’s Day (Gospel 846MW at 8:30 AM) will be "Spiritual Lethargy" (Song of Solomon 5:1-8) by Rev. Haak.

Reformation Day Lectures: Rev. Stewart will be giving a lecture entitled "Christ Alone!" in our church on Friday, 28 October, 7:30 PM. Rev. McGeown will give a lecture on "Freewill and Predestination" in Limerick on Monday, 31 October.

The Council will hold their next meeting on Thursday, 3 November.

Offerings: General Fund: £699.95. Building Fund: £355.20. Donations: £25 (DVDs), £200 (CDs), £250.

The audios of all three speeches at the AV/KJV Conference in Grand Rapids, Michigan, are now on-line for free download (

PRC News: Hope PRC called Rev. Hanko (Lynden, WA). Edgerton will call from a trio of Revs. Eriks (Hudsonville), N. Langerak (Crete, IL), and A. Lanning (Faith, MI).

An excerpt from "The Reformed View of Angels"

by Rev. Dale H. Kuiper in the Standard Bearer, vol. 72, issue 10


What are angels? Scripture presents us with four main teachings.

1) Angels are creatures; they were created by God, and are not to be worshiped. They are not eternal. And they are dependent. They have their being, not in themselves, but in God. The creation of angels is not recorded in the first chapters of Genesis. All those who believe in the literal meaning of Genesis 1 agree that angels were created on one of the six creation days. Some place their creation on day one, when God created the heavens and the earth. They point out that at this point the earth was without form and void, but not the heavens. We lean towards this interpretation ...

As creatures, angels have their own peculiar natures. They are not glorified human beings. In Hebrews 2:16 we read that Christ did not take on Him the nature of angels, but He took on Him the seed of Abraham. Likewise, Hebrews 12:22 is careful to distinguish between the host of angels and the spirits of just men made perfect. They do not have flesh and blood, although God can give them bodily form. They are spirits, not in the sense that God is Spirit, but created spirits ...

Angels are greater than men in knowledge, but they do not know everything. A certain woman said to king David, "My lord is wise according to the wisdom of an angel, to know all things that are in the earth" (II Sam. 14), but we also read that of the day and hour when the Son of God returns, no one knoweth, not even the angels of heaven (Matt. 24:36). And Peter informs us that the angels desire to look into the things which the prophets foretold, the things of salvation. No, the angels do not know all things. Nor are they almighty, though they are stronger than men. We read of angels being mighty in strength, of angels who have power, even the power of Christ, of their work in rolling the stone from the door of the tomb of Jesus and setting the apostles free from prison. But only God is omnipotent. So angels are created spirits, higher than men.

2) Next we ought to see that God’s eternal, double decree of predestination pertains to the angel world. In I Timothy 5:21 the apostle writes, "I charge thee in the sight of God, and Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things." And of the reprobate angels we read in Jude 6, "And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the last day." God elected some angels, and reprobated all the rest. The Belgic Confession states that the elect angels have, by the grace of God, remained steadfast and continued in their primitive state, while others have fallen from that excellency in which God had created them.

At this juncture several important points must be made. First, according to the decree of reprobation, a large number of angels fell into sin. If you have been looking for something new here about that fall, you will be disappointed. Very likely you know as much as we about that matter. The angels fell sometime after their creation and before the appearance of the devil in a serpent to our first parents in Paradise. Their fall into sin was motivated by pride. The prince of the devils was not satisfied in being a holy angel in the presence of God, but he wanted to be God himself. He succeeded in getting a large number of angels to join in his rebellion; Revelation 12 states that his tail drew a third part of the stars of heaven down with him. But how sin entered into God’s holy heaven, how rebellion filled the minds of Satan and his cohorts, is a mystery that has no present answer. Will we know in heaven? Perhaps not even then.

Further, angels do not comprise a race similar to the human race, but they are a host or a realm of individuals. Angels are not organically related. They do not marry and bring forth little angels. Their number is constant from the moment of their creation. Angels are not legally related either. They do not form a corporation or federation. When Adam fell into sin, the entire human race became guilty and corrupt in him. He represented us in Paradise (Rom. 5:12). But when Satan fell into sin, all the angels did not become guilty of his sin. Those who wilfully joined his rebellion became wicked and depraved, while those who remained steadfast by the grace of God remained upright and are still upright today.

The third point is that the death of Christ did not atone for the sins of a single angel. He is not the Saviour of angels. The holy angels do not need redemption and the fallen angels have fallen absolutely. Yet, the Scriptures make clear that the work of Christ in His humiliation and in His exaltation does have significance for the angel world. Through His death, resurrection, and ascension to God’s right hand, Christ did unite all things in heaven and on earth. He makes all of God’s creation one, and He is Head over all exalted. There is that difficult passage in Colossians 1:20 ("And having made peace through the blood of the cross, by Him to reconcile all things unto Himself; by Him, I say, whether they be things in earth or things in heaven") which states emphatically that through the blood of the cross Christ has reconciled all things unto God whether they be in heaven or on earth. The difficulty is that we usually think of reconciliation in terms of the removal of the guilt of sin through the satisfaction of the justice of God. But the holy angels have no guilt of sin. The answer to the difficulty must be found along these lines. The peace that Christ established through the blood of the cross is, first of all, peace with God. The opposite of peace is rebellion and war. Man is at war with God, and man is at war with man. There was also war among the angels or war in heaven (Rev. 12). Although the elect angels did not sin, yet a certain stain or reproach did attach itself to the angel realm because of the rebellion of Satan and his demons. Christ arose as the Firstborn of every creature, so that in the cross of Christ every thing is reconciled to God and every aspect of the universe is brought into peace with God. The division in the angelic realm is healed. Christ is the new Head of the angels as well, and He has the pre-eminence everywhere for uniting all things in one under Himself.

3) When God created the angels He placed them in various orders or at different levels. Angels differ as far as their glory and positions are concerned. We can call this the classification of angels. (We will limit ourselves to the holy angels; you can read C. S. Lewis’ Screwtape Letters for the classification of devils.) Scripture speaks of the cherubim which are the guardians of God’s throne, righteousness, and holiness; of the seraphim which stand above the cherubim, and lead the worship of God in heaven; of the archangels, one of which is Michael and perhaps another is Gabriel; angels entrusted with specific, great tasks by God. Paul speaks in Colossians 1 of further organization of angels when he writes of thrones, principalities, dominions, and powers, all of which were created by Christ and for Christ. One more angel is mentioned in the Old Testament, the Angel of the Lord. Really this is not a created angel, but he is the Christ as He appeared in the form of an angel before His incarnation through the virgin birth. When Christ appeared in the form of an angel, to Abraham, Jacob, Moses, Balaam, Gideon, and others, there is a foreshadowing of the great mystery of godliness, when God was manifest in the flesh.

4) The last point we wish to make regarding angels as such is their number. We said earlier that the number of angels remains constant. They do not increase or decrease. Now we notice that that number of holy angels is very great! In Daniel 7 the prophet writes that "Thousands of thousands ministered unto God, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before Him." Literally that is a hundred million, but the idea is really a countless throng! As we read in Hebrews 12, an innumerable host of angels.