Covenant Protestant Reformed Church
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September 2008 • Volume XII, Issue 5


Christ Will Build His Church (2)

Even the person of Peter (never mind the popes of Rome) is totally incapable of being the rock that supports the church. First, a few verses later in Matthew 16, Christ rebuked His disciple, "Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men" (23). Only moments after his great confession (16), Peter fell into carnal thinking (22). Rome thoroughly savours the things of man, all the while confessing that it is the church that Christ builds on the pope! To any individual or church leader or church (Roman Catholic or otherwise) which savours the things of man, Christ declares, "Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me" (23)! A second instance of Peter’s fallibility is his denial of Christ, with oaths and curses (26:69-75). Rome also denies Christ by its unbiblical doctrine, sacraments, discipline, government and worship every day. A third example is Peter’s temporary compromise of the truth of justification by faith alone through his actions (Gal. 2:11f.). When some Jews came to Antioch, he stopped eating with Gentiles, implying that they needed to keep the OT food laws and indeed the whole of the Mosaic law, and so denying righteousness in Christ alone for both Jews and Gentiles. Whereas Peter once denied the truth of justification by faith alone by implication through his actions, the pope continuously denies justification by faith alone by his explicit, official teaching. Peter repented when he was admonished, but Rome is impenitent after half a millennium of gospel rebuke.

Listen to the clear testimony of Holy Scripture as to the only rock or foundation on which God builds His church: "other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ" (I Cor. 3:11). Paul explains that those who proclaim worthless fancies ("wood, hay, stubble"), while holding to Christ the foundation, will suffer loss of rewards (12-15). How much worse a judgment awaits those who change the foundation entirely, making it to be Peter and all the popes of Rome? Moreover, a different foundation means a different building—one which is not the church of Christ at all. Thus Rome does not rest on the rock (Christ) but on a broken reed (the papacy). They build their church upon heretics, wolves and blasphemers—biblical words for false prophets. A church built on the sand does not stand when the winds blow and the rain falls. Indeed, it has fallen already, especially when it anathematized the gospel that was recovered and proclaimed faithfully in the sixteenth-century Reformation.

God’s church is not built on the person of Peter (as confessed by Rome), but on the Person of Christ (as confessed by Peter). I Peter 2:6-8 appeals to three Messianic "stone" prophecies (Ps. 118:22; Isa. 8:14; 28:16). He who is claimed as the first pope explains that the church is built on Christ: "Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. Unto you therefore which believe he is precious" (I Peter 2:6-7). The infallible apostle declares that the reprobate, false church rejects, and is destroyed by, Christ, the cornerstone: "but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, and a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed" (7-8). Peter describes all true believers (himself included) as "lively [or living] stones" (5) built upon the "living stone," Christ (4).

This fits perfectly with Matthew 16:18: "thou art Peter [Greek: petros], and upon this rock [Greek: petra] I will build my church." The two words, petros and petra, are similar yet different. They have a different meaning: petros (stone) and petra (rock), as well as different gender: petros (masculine) and petra (feminine). Peter identifies Jesus: "Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God" (16), and Jesus identifies Peter: "thou art Peter" (18). Jesus tells Peter that his identification of Him as the Christ was by divine illumination: "flesh and blood hath not revealed it [i.e., my identity] unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven" (17). Then Jesus adds, "thou art Peter [petros, stone, masculine], and upon this rock [petra, rock, feminine—that which Peter has just confessed, that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God] I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it" (18). As Paul says, "other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ" (I Cor. 3:11). All churches must rest securely and solely on this foundation; all ministers must preach wholly in accordance with this foundation (building upon it "gold, silver, precious stones;" 12); and all saints must seek, and be edified through, such churches and such preaching. This is the way in which Christ builds His church on Himself, the rock. Rev. Stewart

Interracial Marriages

The question to be answered in this News treats a matter of Christian ethics. While it is true that Scripture does not speak directly to all issues that arise in our life’s calling, it does lay down principles that can and must serve as our guide to walk in a way pleasing to God. The question is especially important in some parts of the world: "Does the Bible forbid marrying between races? Is this the meaning of marrying ‘after their kind’ in Genesis 1?"

The expression to which reference is made in Genesis 1 (verses 11, 12, 21, 24, 25) cannot refer to interracial marriages for two reasons. First, these references refer to plants, creeping things, fish, birds and animals, but no such reference is made to man, and, obviously, could not be made in connection with the creation of man. God only created one man and one woman. Second, the creation of all other living things into "species" was a part of the creation ordinance. The division of mankind into races took place at Babel, and was a punishment of God on men who desired to establish at Babel an anti-Christian kingdom.

Incidentally, Babel was not only a confusion of languages, but it was also the formation of races, with all their physical and mental peculiarities. It is the wound of the beast mentioned in Revelation 13:3, which prevents the premature realization of the Antichrist, according to the purpose and plan of God. But I mention this as an aside.

We must recognize that different cultures have different conceptions of interracial marriages than we, from the West, may have. In the Orient, some consider a marriage between a Chinese and a Filipino to be interracial; others do not. Some consider a marriage between a coloured person and a white person to be interracial, whether the coloured person be black or yellow, while others consider a marriage of a black and white to be interracial, but not a marriage between yellow and white. This, in itself, says something about the rightness or the wrongness of interracial marriages: no one can quite agree on what is meant by the term

There is no biblical passage that condemns interracial marriages. On the contrary, there are certain individuals who married from different races whose marriages are not condemned in Scripture. I refer to the twelve sons of Jacob, for example. All of them, with the exception of Joseph, married Canaanites, and Joseph married an Egyptian. That these marriages were, in a sense, interracial marriages is evident from the fact that the Canaanites were descended from Ham, while the twelve patriarchs were descended from Shem; and the division of the peoples of the earth into races followed the lines of the three sons of Noah.

Further, we read of Moses that he married an Ethiopian woman: "And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman" (Num. 12:1). Again, the Ethiopians were almost certainly from Ham, while Moses was born in the line of the descendants of Shem. God approved of that marriage, because Miriam and Aaron were condemned for their criticism of Moses. It is true that, according to Numbers 12:2, Miriam and Aaron also objected to Moses’ position as leader in the nation: "And they said, Hath the Lord indeed spoken only by Moses? hath he not spoken also by us?" But the two objections Miriam and Aaron brought against Moses were related to each other. We may safely conclude that God’s approval rested on Moses’ marriage.

The same was true of the sons of Jacob. Not only were these Canaanite women the mothers of the promised seed of Abraham, but Tamar, a daughter-in-law of Judah, was incorporated into the line of Christ (Matt. 1:3). And Joseph, married to an Egyptian, Asenath, received that part of the birthright blessing which consisted in a double portion of the father’s possessions.

There might be practical problems involved in interracial marriages. There are significant differences between the races. These difference are not only physical (colour of the skin, colour of the eyes, facial features, size, etc.), but they are also psychical. The differences between the races are striking and powerful in this respect. The Chinese way of thinking is so very different from the way Occidentals think that the possibilities of misunderstandings are always present.

The result is that these differences make adjustments to married life more difficult. It is hard enough for a man and a woman to adapt to life in the most intimate relationship of all human relationships. But when racial differences are added, the adjustment becomes even more difficult.

Nevertheless, the union of one church in Christ transcends all racial and cultural differences and unites even a man and a woman in the one bond of the covenant family of God. Within that union of a man and a woman, who are brother and sister in Christ, differences of all kinds can be and are resolved. Such a marriage can be and is a picture of the marriage of Christ and His church.

Many claim that an interracial marriage places an extra burden on a man and a woman because it is socially unacceptable in many parts of the world. Whatever may be the truth of this, and it is certainly characteristic of many cultures and was once true in the United States, social unacceptability is of little or no importance. The child of God who walks according to the principles of the kingdom of heaven is always socially unacceptable, and he or she will become increasingly so as persecution grows.

Some have said that they would never want their children to marry inter-racially. I can understand this and I am fully aware of the problems created in some instances. But it is better for a man and a woman who are brother and sister in Christ to marry in spite of social problems, than for a son or a daughter of believing parents to marry an unbeliever. Then the problems become insurmountable. Prof. Hanko

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