June 2003, Volume IX,
Unbreakable Scripture (4)
John 10:35 teaches us the origin of the doctrine of the
inerrancy of Scripture. This doctrine did not begin in the last 100-150 years
with the Princeton theologians, such as Charles Hodge or B. B. Warfield.
Lutheran, Reformed and Anglican theologians have been teaching it for centuries.
How could you square the Westminster Confession’s (1647) statement about
the "entire perfection" of Scripture (1.5) with errors in the Bible? The
Belgic Confession (1561) does not allow for mistakes in the Word either (4,
5, 7). Quotes too could easily be produced from Luther, Augustine (354-430) and
many, many others for the inerrancy of Scripture. This is simply the doctrine of
the prophets and the apostles. But our text teaches that Christ Himself taught
this: "the scripture cannot be broken" (John 10:35). We even know the time and
place of Christ’s proclamation: one winter at the feast of dedication in
Thus the doctrine of inerrancy does not rest merely on
inferences such as the following. The Bible is God’s Word; God is wholly true;
therefore His Word is wholly true and free of error. The Bible is God breathed;
God’s breath is perfect; therefore the Bible is perfect and contains no errors.
The Bible was written by the Holy Spirit; the Holy Spirit does not make
mistakes; therefore there are no mistakes in the Bible. Inerrancy is taught by
Christ’s direct statement: "the scripture cannot be broken."
Inerrancy then is not merely some philosophical construct
("foundationalism"), as some supposedly evangelical scholars (e.g., Stanley
Grenz) say. It is not a philosophical but a theological doctrine, taught by the
Son of God: "the scripture cannot be broken."
This means that the doctrine of inerrancy rests upon the
exact same basis as all other biblical doctrines, such as blood atonement and
sovereign grace. The basis for all doctrines is the teaching of Scripture, and
the Bible says, "the scripture cannot be broken."
The doctrine of inerrancy is foundational to all other
Christian doctrines. How do you prove that Jesus is God? You quote the Bible.
But if the Bible is not entirely trustworthy, how do you know that what you
quoted is not an error? And if the Bible’s teaching of inerrancy (John 10:35) is
false, why trust its teaching on heaven and hell?
Thus those who reject biblical inerrancy are guilty of
heresy. Those who cannot say "the scripture cannot be broken" contradict the
testimony of the church, the creeds and the Lord Jesus Christ Himself. Moreover
at this point the rejectors of inerrancy are less orthodox than the Pharisees
and Jews of Jesus’ day who received this doctrine! Thus to oppose inerrancy is
to reject the clear testimony of Scripture, to walk contrary to the Spirit and
to call Christ a liar. Rev. Stewart
Saving Love (1)
For the Lord your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a
great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh
reward: He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the
stranger, in giving him food and raiment
(Deut. 10:17-18). The Lord trieth the righteous: but the wicked and him that
loveth violence his soul hateth (Ps. 11:5). Jacob have I loved, but Esau
have I hated (Rom. 9:13).
The writer also quotes Matthew 5:44-45 and Acts 14:17, and
asks, "Does God have a compassionate love, if not a redemptive love, towards all
his creatures? Or does he have only hatred towards the reprobate?"
Anyone engaged in the battle for the defence of the
sovereignty of God in the work of salvation will recognize immediately that
these passages are crucial in the on-going debate. Even those who profess to be
Calvinists and who defend the fact that the elect are the objects of God’s love,
which love brings them to heaven, will frequently speak of another love of God
for all men which love is not a saving love at all. These people do not want a
God who loves only some and hates others. I wish to make a few remarks about the
problem in general first, and then address the texts which seem to support a
universal love of God.
Scripture specifically states that God hates some. Psalm 11:5
and Romans 9:13 (a quotation from Malachi 1:2-3) emphatically assert that truth.
It is impossible to deny. One must either repudiate the Bible or accept what
these passages say. But there are many who, while paying lip service to these
passages, nevertheless insist that Scripture also teaches that God loves all
men. Their position raises the question: Does God love and hate the same person
at the same time and in the same way? So it would seem.
To avoid such nonsense, various ploys are used. One says,
These only seem to us to be contradictory, but in the mind of God there is
harmony between them. This is a pretty lame way of getting out of the problem,
although it is frequently used. Those who do not accept such nonsense are called
rationalists. And those who defend contradictions in the Bible are frequently
referred to as unusually pious. For they are willing to bow before teachings in
Scripture which are flatly opposed to each other.
What they forget is that they are not merely saying something
about our ability to understand things; they are saying something about God. At
the very least they are saying that God does not know how to make things clear
to us, so He speaks in flat contradictions so that we can understand Him better.
But usually these people are saying that in some sense of the word God truly
loves some people and hates these same people at the same time. That kind of a
god is strange and ultimately an idol.
Another evasion is to say that when Scripture says God hates
Esau and the workers of iniquity, it means that God loves Esau and the workers
of iniquity less than others. How I could justify myself to my wife by telling
her that I love another woman less than I love her is a dilemma which only these
men can explain. My wife, I know with certainty, would not buy that. Yet, I had
a philosophy teacher in college, a Reformed Calvinist, a theologian of great
ability, who tried to defend this very position.
Taking a slightly different tack, some speak of different
kinds of love: a saving love and a love of compassion. But love is "the bond of
perfectness" (Col. 3:14). As a bond, love is joyful and blessed fellowship.
Moreover, as a bond of perfectness, it can only exist between perfect people.
This is indeed God’s love for His people for they are perfect in Christ. But how
can that be for wicked sinners? What kind of a love is a love of compassion
which differs from saving love? Nowhere does Scripture even so much as suggest
this notion. And is a love of God which does not save really a love of God at
all? How can God love anyone and send that person to hell? How can God shower a
person with tokens of His love as long as he lives in the world, and then, when
he dies, send him directly to hell? How can anyone imagine a God like that?
One response is to describe God as changeable. God can indeed
love a person one moment and hate him the next. Does anyone with even a modicum
of reverence dare to say anything like that about God? Another way to avoid so
obvious a caricature of God is to say that God loves all men in the same way
after all; that Christ died for all men; and that salvation is now available to
all men. The rest is up to man himself. Indeed, this is the way almost all
defenders of a universal love of God go, whether they really intended to go that
way or not. The very weight of the position carries them down that forbidden
path—a path which is that of accursed free-willism.
One question I shall never understand: Why do some men want
to be more loving, more merciful, more gracious, than God? Can mere man tell God
that He is insufficiently kind because His love is towards only a few? That sort
of a thing takes more courage than anyone who is saturated with the glory of God
Moreover, God’s attributes are all one in Him. If God loves
all men, no matter what the "kind" of love, then God is also gracious,
benevolent, merciful and filled with compassion and longsuffering towards all
men including Genghis Khan, Hitler, Stalin, serial rapists, the worst of the
popes, and even Satan and his demons.
Do you not see that it is better just to say what Scripture
says? May we tell God whom He should love? Let us not transfer our own sinful,
puny notions to Him who made heaven and earth and who does all His good
pleasure. Instead, cry out, "O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and
knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways part finding
out!" (Rom. 11:33). And fall on your face and confess the great wonder of
sovereign grace shown to the greatest of sinners! Prof. H. Hanko
Universal Atonement True? (8)
(18) If Christ died for absolutely everybody, then why are
not all actually saved? Romans 6 makes it clear that those who are united to
Christ in His death are dead to sin (6-7) and "alive unto God" (11), and will be
raised bodily to glory (5). But many spend all their days "dead in trespasses
and sins" (Eph. 2:1) and will rise in the "resurrection of damnation" (John
5:29). We can only conclude that they were not united to Christ in His death
(i.e., Christ did not die for them). For if the reprobate were united to Christ
in His death (i.e., if Christ died for them), they would live unto God.
Scripture teaches that both faith (Eph. 2:8-9; Phil. 1:29)
and repentance (Acts 5:31; 11:18; II Tim. 2:25) are gifts of God’s grace. Faith
and repentance are instances of "spiritual blessings in heavenly places in
Christ" (Eph. 1:3). God’s blessings in Christ come through Christ’s cross (Rom.
8:32; Gal. 3:13-14). But "all men have not faith" (II Thess. 3:2) nor do all
repent (Rev. 16:11). Thus faith and repentance were not purchased for everybody
head for head on the cross and so Christ did not die for all.
Titus 2:14 explains that Christ’s purpose in His redemption
on the cross is the sanctification of His own "peculiar people" that we would be
purified and be "zealous of good works." But many die "filthy" (Rev. 22:11)
because of their "ungodly deeds" (Jude 15). Since the purpose of the omnipotent
God always stands (Rom. 9:11) and can never be resisted (II Chron. 20:6), it was
not Christ’s purpose to sanctify and redeem the reprobate by His cross. Thus He
did not die for them.
(19) If Christ shed His blood to redeem everyone head for
head, then the creeds of the Reformed churches, on the continent and in the
British Isles and all around the world, teach false doctrine at this point. The
Canons of Dordt—the most international assembly of Reformed Protestants
ever—clearly state that Christ redeemed the elect "and those only" (2.8) and
that those who teach that He died for absolutely everybody speak "contemptuously
of the death of Christ" and "bring again out of hell the Pelagian error"
(2.R.3). B. B. Warfield writes that the Canons were "published authoritatively
in 1619 as the finding of the [Dutch] Synod with the aid of a large body of
foreign assessors, representative practically of the whole Reformed world. The
Canons ... therefore ... [possess] the moral authority of the decrees of
practically an Ecumenical Council throughout the whole body of Reformed
Churches" (Works, vol. 9, p. 144). The Westminster Confession
states, "Neither are any other redeemed by Christ ... but the elect only" (3.6;
cf. 8:1; 11:4; 13:1). These articles were copied in the Savoy Declaration
and the Baptist Confession. Thus the creeds of Presbyterians,
Congregationalists and Baptists all teach Limited Atonement or Particular
Redemption. Remember too that all who recite the Westminster Shorter
Catechism confess that Jesus Christ is the "only Redeemer of God’s elect"
(A. 21). As we have seen in the last few issues of the News, the Reformed creeds
simply set forth the Bible’s teaching on this subject. Let us hold fast to
Scriptural truth and honour the crucified and victorious Christ!
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